Oral Surgery at Ogadent

At Ogadent, dental surgical procedures are handled by oral and maxillofacial surgery specialists, Associate Professor Tom Lindholm and dental surgeon Antti Viitikko. Patients can visit the surgeon’s office with a referral from a dentist. The surgeon creates a treatment plan in collaboration with the rest of the treatment team and performs the necessary procedures based on this plan. Most surgical procedures are short-term and are usually carried out under local anesthesia.

Oral surgical procedures include surgical tooth extractions, root-end surgeries, cyst surgeries, biopsies, and implant surgery.

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Surgical Tooth Extractions

A tooth or its root is surgically removed if it is inside the jawbone or under the gum and cannot be extracted using conventional methods. Surgical tooth extraction is performed under local anesthesia. Wisdom teeth are often surgically removed, particularly if they do not have enough space to emerge properly in line with the dental arch. A partially erupted wisdom tooth is prone to infection. In surgical tooth extraction, the gum tissue surrounding the tooth is opened to expose the tooth or root for removal. If necessary, the bone around the tooth is slightly drilled to facilitate easier extraction. After the extraction, the surgical wound is closed with stitches.

Dental Implants

A dental implant is an artificial root, typically made of titanium, that is attached to the jawbone. A ceramic crown or bridge can be built on top of this artificial root to replace one or more missing teeth. Replacing a missing tooth with a dental implant is advisable, especially in the posterior area, as tooth loss can lead to teeth tilting, shifting, or over-eruption. The aforementioned changes in occlusion can cause headaches, muscle and joint pains related to biting, and neck and shoulder issues.

Dental implants are suitable for anyone with missing teeth. A healthy and well-maintained mouth and teeth, and good oral hygiene, are prerequisites for implantation. If there are other issues in the mouth or with the teeth that need correction, these are treated before starting the implant treatment. A dental implant is highly durable and often lasts a lifetime if the patient maintains good oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups.

The implant is installed after the jawbone has healed from the tooth extraction, which usually takes about two to three months. The installation of the implant requires careful planning, which is done based on clinical examination and X-rays, considering the patient’s general health and expectations. The treatment planning involves the attending dentist, oral surgeon, and often a dental technician. In the implant surgery, the artificial root is screwed into place in the jawbone. Bone grafts or synthetic bone may be used as needed to achieve the best possible result. The implant screw is allowed to integrate with the jawbone for 2-4 months, during which time the teeth should be cared for normally. Once the oral surgeon confirms the implant’s integration, a crown or other prosthetic structure can be prepared. The prosthetic treatment is carried out by the dentist in collaboration with a dental laboratory. Implant treatment is a team effort involving the surgeon, dentist, and dental technician.

At Ogadent, we use high-quality, safe, and well-known implant brands, such as ITI Straumann, Dentsply Astra, and Camlog.

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